Monday, May 10, 2010

Public Relations in Nigeria

We had a wonderful time in class looking at the global commencement of Public Relations. Now you are expected to write and discuss the History of Public Relations in Nigeria.
Instructor: Obanua Ada Sonia

118 comments:

  1. Public relations practise in Nigeria began with the establishment of the "Iwe irohin " news paper by Henry townsend of the Christian Missionary Service (CMS) in 1859, this paper was what brough about a baic awareness of what public relations was about, the paper was active in advertising of births, funeral notices and so on. Public Relations was fully initiated by the British during the colonial era. The British were seeking for ways to convince Nigerians of the advantages of colonial rule because of the efforts of nationalists to stir up the fight for independence in the public so the British decided to employ the tactics of Public relations, through mobile cinemas,posters, television programmes and so on. These programmes were aimed at sensitizing Nigerians on what the colonialists were doing for the benefit of the nation as well as what the colonialists expected of Nigerians in return. this system worked very well.
    In 1949 United African Company became the first company in Nigeria to have a public information unit. This followed by the establishment of Public Relations unit by the Nigerian Railway Coporation in 1956 where Dr Samuel Opele served as the first Public Relations Officer. From then on other companies followed suite.
    In 1963 the Nigerian institute of Public Relations (NIPR) was established as a regulatory body for PR practise in Nigeria.

    Emmanuella Ngozi, Mass comm

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  2. Name: Duru Amaka Amarachi.
    Matric No: 09BE08953.
    Public relations started in Nigeria during the colonial era when the citizens wanted freedom from the governance of the British rule. The nationalists used newspapers as their weapons against the colonialists who in order to redeem themselves employed the knowledge of public relations which they had from their homes. With that, a public relations office with the aim of creating a two way communication between them (the colonialists) and their subjects. This was achieved through means such as mobile cinema van,s newspapers and face 2 face communication with immediate feedback. When the colonialists left, the use of PR was already clear to the nationalists who began to use PR after gaining independence.

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  3. oyedele folakemi 09beo8990 said...................................
    Modern public relation practice began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United Africa Company [then a British multinational] in 1949. It present evidence indicating that modern public elation practices actually began with the establishment of the fist newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend[a British missionary]. From the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relation practices in Nigeria. These include public relation broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and professionalization era.

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  4. Public relations is about reputation - the result of what you do, what you say and what others say about you.Public relations is the discipline which looks after reputation,
    with the aim of earning understanding and support and influencing opinion and behaviour. It is the planned and sustained effort to establish and maintain goodwill and mutual understanding between an organisation and its publics.
    Public Relations in Nigeria started during the colonization of Nigeria by the British. It actually started during Nationalism to be precise. The Nationalists were steering the hearts and minds of the people away from the Colonial masters with what they published in the papers and the British tried to curb this by setting up departments in the North, West and East. These offices put together documentaries that showcased what the Colonial masters had done which included building of schools, bridges, roads and so on. The documentaries also helped to showcase Nigeria to the world and to Nigerians and its sole aim was to make the Colonial masters look good in the eyes of the people and justify the reasons why they were still being colonized.

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  5. ekne nwachukwu 09be08966
    Public relation practices did not start in Nigeria through the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company in 1949, but it is started with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend a British missionary. There was the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria,which were public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.

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  6. Adeola aliu, 09BE08946 said
    Public relation started in Nigeria during the colonial era which was before independence during the establishment of the first newspaper in 1854 namely iwe irohin published by henry Townsend (a British missionary). This also indicates the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalization era. This brought up the activities of freedom and self-independence of the British rule. PR had their department in Lagos with units in the northern, eastern and western provinces. This is to tell them what the government was doing and to know what they want the government to do, also to publicize Nigeria as a better country and to provide cultural values and educate. This was performed through face to face communication.
    Many organisations contributed to the growth of public relations in Nigeria and this includes UAC (united Africa Company) 1949 became the 1st company to have a P.R department in Nigeria.
    Nigeria institute of public relations was established in June 1st 1990

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  8. public relation started in nigeria during the colonial era.the reason was because the british wanted to get to know the nigerians so they deviced different means of getting to create mutual understanding between the people and them but this was done using propaganda.
    The establishment of iwe iroyin by late reverend henry townsend in 1859 actually brought about public relation in nigeria. The british citizen where using this newspaper to get to the nigerians as an instrument of propaganda.the idea of this paper was to let the people know what is happening around them.later the british were now using the newspaper to their advantage by not letting nigerians fight or believe in their independence.In 1946 the first company to have a public relation department is the united african company(UAC).,The nigerian institute of public relations started on the 1st of june 1990.in conculsion public relations aims for mutual understanding.

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  9. KUSA JESUTOBI 09BE08963.
    Public relations made its entry into Nigeria as early as 1944. it was introduced by the British colonialists as a government information disseminating organ. The government at that time used P.R to inform the people of its activities and to counter the action of the upcoming nationalists.
    A major contributor to the advancemnet of P.R in Nigeria was Dr.Samuel Epelle.He was the founder of the Public Relations Association of Nigeria (PRAN).

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  10. GABRIEL EMILY 09BE08959
    Public Relations is basically about creating a favorable mutual understanding between an organization and its publics;it's getting to understand your publics and getting them to understand you.
    Public Relations is over 150 years in Nigeria i.e.from 1849 till date.It started with a public relation unit in UNITED AFRICAN COMPANY IN 1949;modern public relations started with the establishment of Rev. Henry Townsend's 'Iwe Iroyin' in 1859.There are four dominant era's in the development of PR practices in Nigeria;public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.Public Relations tools include marketing PR, media relations, financial and consumer PR.Pr is a planned activity i.e. its deliberate and its a sustained effort.

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  11. Olutade Obatoto Oluwasayo 09BC08920
    public relations was introduced into Nigeria in the year 1944 due to the need of the britsh clonial masters to establish a link/means of communication between them(the colonial masters) and the subjects. the urge to do this was as result of the wave of nationalist movement across the country.
    they tried to educate the people on their actions and the reasons behind their actions through documentaries.
    the P.R of today can be traced to the decree of 1990 no 16. thank you and God bless you.

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  12. in the private sector U.A.C. of Nigeria pioneered the adoption of P.R for the creation of awareness about the relevance of the company to Nigerian economy.

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  13. EVBODAGHE AIMIEN OSERERE 09BE08956
    Public relations started during the colonial era.Through the establishment of the first newspaper in Nigeria which was 'iwe irohin' by the late Reverend Henry Townsend in the year 1859.The 'iwe irohin' was initally used to announce deaths, births, and marriages.It only had few or no advert in it.The British seized the opportunity to use the newspaper has a propaganda instrument.They were using the newspaper to their own advantage.They did not want Nigeria to become an independent state.The founding contributor to the advancement of public relation in nigeria was Dr.Samuel Epelle.He was the founder of Public Relations Nigeria.(PRAN) in 1990. The insitute of Public Relations Nigeria was established on june 12, 1990.There were four important periods in the development of modern practices in Nigeria.They include Public relation broadcasting era, Political propaganda era, Public information era and Professionalism era. Public relation practices began in nigeria with the creation of a public information unit in 1949 by the United African Company (UAC) which was then a British multinational.

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  14. Public relations practise in Nigeria began with the establishment of the "Iwe irohin " news paper by Henry townsend of the Christian Missionary Service (CMS) in 1859.
    Public Relations was fully initiated by the British during the colonial era. The British were seeking for ways to convince Nigerians of the advantages of colonial rule because of the efforts of nationalists to stir up the fight for independence in the public so the British decided to employ the tactics of Public relations, through mobile cinemas,posters, television programmes and so on.In 1949 United African Company became the first company in Nigeria to have a public information unit. In 1963 the Nigerian institute of Public Relations (NIPR) was established as a regulatory body for PR practise in Nigeria.

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  16. ABIBAT BELLO
    09BE08951
    Public relations started in Nigeria during the colonial era in 1859 with the rapid growth in education the educated elite of Nigeria used newspaper as a medium of informing the public of the evil intent of the British and educating them on their civil right, the reaction of the public made the British worried of their hold on them so they decided to make use of public relation as a weapon to gain back the trust and confidence of the people stating that all they have done is for the good of the people and that they were trying to get the world to know Nigeria and its culture and also to get Nigeria to know the world. This was the beginning of public relation in Nigeria.

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  17. The history of public relations practice in Nigeria is over a hundred and fifty years old.(150).The period of 1859 - 2010. The study showed that public relation practice began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company in 1949.
    Modern public relation practices actually began with the establishment of the 1st newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a british missionary). The use of newspaper was used to inform about the evil deeds of the British and enlighting them on what ia wrong and right.PR was being used as an instrument to gain the trust of the people. Saying that they only want to help them and that they want Nigeria to be heard of, and hear of other places. This is how PR started in Nigeria.
    ABIKOYE IFE - OLUWA 09BE08932

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  18. Nnaji Harriet Amaka. 09BE08965.
    Public relation in nigeria began with the creation of a public information unit by the united African company in 1949. the study presents evidence that the modern public relations began with the establishment of the newspaper -Iwe Iroyin in 1859 by Rev Henry Townsend ( a British missionary). findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important period under the time pf public relations practices in Nigeria. This indicates that the practice or public relation has matured. public relation before Nigerians independence in 1960 is growing. Then public relation was pro government. as the British colonial masters. public relations in the African context providing western academics a balance over the development of public relation not just in western countries but also in the Nigeria as a whole.

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  19. public relation started in nigeria during the colonial era with the involvement of the educated elites. public relation is up to 150 years in nigeria and it started with the 1st newspaper called Iwe iroyin by reverend Henry Townsemd in 1859. this newspaper in showing the evil deedsthe leaders in power were involved in and also gave the people information about what was happening in their environment.Then followed by this, the first private organization to use public relation in Nigeria was the united African nation (uac) in 1949. ever since then public relation has strived on in Nigeria

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  20. AYEJU JESSICA EBI
    09BE08949
    In Nigeria, as a result of the colonial era, and movements by nationalists for freedom and self governance from the colonial masters, this brought about the advent of public relations in Nigeria. the British administrators were attacked by nationalist actions and activities, as they had published formidable newspapers, and this made the administrators to see the importance of public relations as they usually involved it in major cases in their home town.
    this spurred the establishment of a public relations officer to foster a two way communication between the colonialists and their subjects. the colonialists set up a public relations department in Lagos, with outlets in northern, eastern and western regions.. The Department was to do the following: (a) tell the people what the government was doing and what it (the public) was supposed to do, (b) publicize Nigeria to Nigerians and to the world, (c) provide the people with cultural values and education, especially in the field which the ordinary newspapers have not the facilities. These functions were performed through the use of such channels as mobile cinema vans, newspapers, face to face communication and feedback through the same process. When the colonialists left, the message of what public relations can do at war and at peace was clear and PR was put to good use in consolidating the socioeconomic and political gains of independence. . In the private sector, many organizations have contributed to the growth of modern public relations practice in Nigeria and these include the United African Company (UAC) which in 1949 became the first company to have a PR department. The aim of UAC was to inform business and commerce about business activities as well as to project UAC as a major Nigerian industrial, technical and commercial company. In relation to associations, the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations was established on June 1, 1990 through the signing into law of Decree No. 16.

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  21. modern public relations practices began in nigeria with the creation pf public information unit by the african company(then a british multination 1949).the study presents evidencebindicating that modern pracyices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by late henry townsend.Recent rise of well established PR consulting irms indicate that the practice of pr in Nigeria has matured.osarieme omoregie 09BE08981

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  22. public relation in Nigeria came into existence due to the present of the colonial masters due to the intensive activities of nationalist through various medium .. public relation was used as an effective tool to organize campaign in Nigeria. the nationalist developed various method to send their information through E. g newspaper like iwe iroyin which was majorly used by colonialist to express their action of self governance and independence.public relation offices were established in various part of the country in order to counter the nationalist. The major reason for Pr in Nigeria was to tell the people what the government was doing what the people were to do for their country. Nationalist like nnamdi azikwe. obafemi awolowo were involved in advocating for the country freedom through the use of the media.this action gave birth to public relation in Nigeria

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  23. Public relation started in Nigeria during the colonial era with the intensive activities of nationalist for freedom and self governance from the British rule and it was made possible by the use of the first Nigeria indigenous newspaper by "reverend Henry Townsend in 1958 known as iwe iroyin".Their aim was to set up a two-way communication between the colonialist and their subject to gain independence.public relation department was established in Lagos ,and they were to publicize Nigeria to Nigerians and the world through the use of mobile cinema vans,newspaper,facetoface communication and other available means of communications in other to gain freedom.The first company to have public relation department was "UAC united African company in 1949",and "NIPR Nigeria institution of public relation was also established in June 1 1990through the signing into law of decree no 16".

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  24. Public Relations in Nigeria is believed to have kicked off in the year 1859 (this was still the Colonial period) which happens to be One Hundred and One years (101) before independence. The major tool or medium that was used to make Public relations possible was The indegenous newwspaper called "Iwe Irohin Yoruba fun awon Egba ati Yoruba". During this period, there were four important periods which are: 1)Public relations broadcasting era.
    2)Political Propaganda Era.
    3)Public Information Era and
    4)The Professionalisation era.
    The Nationalists as at that time tried to tried to make the Nations understand why they should not be colonized by turning their hearts against the Colonialists provided the people with cultural values and education so that they may please the indegenes.
    The colonialists went ahead to create sub-units in the Northern, Eastern and Western Region. These units that were set up were to tell the Government what to do and what not to do in other words, they were supposed to advice the Government. The sole aim of creating this units was to publicize to Nigerians and to the world at large.
    You see, providing the people with their own Cultural Values, bringind down Western education and providing Sub-units in the Northern, Eastern and western education were all done for one basic reason which is the creation of Mutual understanding and one basic fact about Public Relations is that, it is pre-planned because you want your activity to be organised and successful which is exactly what the Colonialists were steering up with the Nationalists.

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  25. In Nigeria public relation started during the colonial era due to the intensive activities of nationalist for freedom and self governance from the British rule. There was attack from all sides by the newspaper established by the nationalist. Based on the fact that the British administration recalled the effective use of public relations campaigns organized in their home country to solve such major issue, public relation office was established. The aim for establishing this was to create a two way communication between the colonialists and their subjects. A public relation department was established in Lagos with units in the east, north and west. The aim of setting it up was to inform the public what the government was doing, publicizes Nigeria to Nigerian to the world and provide the people with cultural valves and education they made use of newspaper, mobile cinema vans and face to face communication. When the colonialist left. U A C in 1949 became the first company to have a pr department. In june1, 1990 the Nigeria institute of public relations was formed.

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  26. public relations started during the British colonization,it started in 1856 with the arrival of the first newspaper'iwe iroyin' which was published by henry townsend a british missionary. pubic relation operated in lagos and different subunits in the northern, eastern and western areas.
    public relations was used by the government to create a mutual understanding between the people and the government.
    the british government also used it to know is happening to the nigerians.

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  27. public relation can be said to be relationship between the public and organisational bodies. public relation started in nigeria in 1859. it started before independence during the first establishment of newspaper in 1854. public relations had their departments in three cardinal points in nigeria. the east north and west. Also the UAC that was established in 1949 became the first company to have a public relation department in africa.

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  28. public relation in nigeria started during the colonial era. it started with the establishment of the first newspaper which was written in yoruba by late Rev. henry Townsend. in the development of modern public relation practise in nigeria there was a dominance of 4 important period which are public relation broadcasting era, political propaganda era,public information, and professional era. a major contributor to the advancement of public relation in nigeria is Dr. samuel epelle. he was the founder of public relation association of nigeria. public relation started in nigeria with the creation of informaton unit by the united african company in the year 1949.

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  30. it started with henry townsend's iwe irohin in 1859,it was further emphasized during colonial-nationalist period.There was the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relation,in nigeria which were public relations broadcasting era, professionalization era,political era,and propaganda era.Nigeria institute of public relations was establised in june ist 1990.many organisation contributed to the growth of public relations in Nigeria and this involves the United Africa Company in 1949,which became the 1st Company to have a public relation department in Nigeria.

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  31. Matric no:09bc08898.
    The history and development of modern public relation practice is over 152 years from 1859-2010.Modern public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949.Modern public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary). Findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.

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  32. Public relations was made more known in Nigeria in 1856 with the introduction of the newspaper called "iwe iroyin" published by Henry Townsend.
    the government used public relations to create and have an understanding between them and the society at large, this promoted a mutual understanding.
    public relations in nigeria had it's main department in lagos and subunits in the western, northern and eastern provinces.

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  33. AGWU N. JOY/ MATRIC NO: 09BC08894.
    Public Relation in Nigeria is traceable to the 2nd world war when the colonial government established the first information office in Lagos in 1940.The information office was transformed into public relation office and later into public relation department thus editors and reporters had an official source where they sought and obtain information.By 1948,the public relation department was decentralized with one branch with each of the three regions in Nigeria.From this period till 1954,the Nigeria colonial government made effective use of public relation for publicity,image making,press relations and public education

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  34. Aniyikaiye funmilola
    english language
    09BC08899

    Public relations can be defined as the communication process that maintains relationship between organizational bodies and the public.
    public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949. The study presents evidence indicating that modern public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary).There were four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.
    Also there is limited information on how the use of PR developed amongst non-governmental organisations.

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  35. Omowumi Jesutofunmi,
    Public relations in Nigeria started during the colonial era.The missionaries at that time were the first to introduced public relations to Nigeria. Rev. Henry townsend brought the first newspaper in 1856,"iwe iroyin".During the colonial era many notable Nigerians tavelled abroad and acquired education.It was then they realized the importance of public relations as a tool for nationalism. On thier return, people like Zik and Awolowo introduced public relations. They created newspapers and broadcasts which related with the people.Public relations in Nigeria today is about 150 years old.Finally, in 1963 the public relation association of Nigeria was established.It was renamed Nigerian Institute of public relation in 1972.Public relations entered law in June 1990 through Decree No. 16 (now an Act of the Federal Republic of Nigeria)

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  36. OKERE CHISOROM (09BE08971).
    Public relations is believed to have started during the colonial era with strong presence of nationalist and their activities.Public relations in Nigeria started in 1859 with the establishment of the first newspaper "iwe iroyin" by Reverend Henry Townsend of christ missionary church(C.M.C).
    Nigeria public relations was established in June 1st 1990 through decree 16 of 1990.The history of P.R can be traced to be 152yrs(1859-2010).it started with the establishment of a public informationunit in Lagos by a company named U.A.C.(United African Company) in 1949.
    U.A.C was the first company to have a P.R department.Then, P.R was used as a tool for marketing, media relations,financial&consumer public relations.Also the government used P.R to tell the people what the govt.was doing and what the public was supposed to do;publicise Nigeria to the world;provide the people with cultural values and education.They used mediums like mobile cinema vans, Newspapers,face-to-face communication to perform their functions.

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  37. frank anuka 09be08947
    Public relation came into existence around the period of 1944,it was introduced by the British colonialists as a way of passing information about their action to the publics.Public relation was use as a tool for coming against the nationalists of then who were against the colonial ruling.
    Dr.Samuel Epelle,he was the founder of the Public Relations Association of Nigeria (PRAN).The practise of public relation started with creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949. Townsend newspaper of 1859 gave a vivid intend of public relation.
    There were four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.The department was responsible for dessiminating information about government action and what the publics is expected to do, provide or imbibed cultural value, etc.... some of these were done through face to face counter, use of newspaper etc...

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  38. MATRIC NO;09BC08916
    ENGLISH STUDIES.
    Purpose of this paper: This paper traces the history and development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria over a hundred and fifty (150) year period, 1859 to 2008.

    Design/method/approach: This objective is achieved via a conceptual review of existing academic and professional literatures concerning Nigerian media history, public relations management, business studies and mass communication studies.

    Findings: This study dispels the notion that modern public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949. The study presents evidence indicating that modern public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary). Findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era relations practices has not only grown in western countries but that it has also developed in developing countries.

    Practical implications: Insights given about the development of public relations practices (especially the recent rise of well established PR consulting firms) indicates that the practice of public relations in Nigeria has matured.

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  39. public relations can be defined as the relationship between the public and organzational bodies. public relations in nigeria during the colonization of nigeria in1859. the first newspaper was established in 1854 before independence it was written in yoruba and it was called "iwe iroyin" by henry townsend a british missionary. it operated un lagos and different units in the northern, eastern and western areas. it was used to create a mutual understanding between the people and the government

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  40. Public relations began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the united African company in 1949.evidence indicates that it actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper known as iwe iroyin in 1859 by late Henry Townsend(a British missionary). some events that happened over this time period includes:- Nov 18,1995-LAGOS, Nigeria-Condemned by world leaders for the execution of nine human- rights activists, Gen. Sani Abacha responded by launching a public relations campaign to prove he's not a bad guy. Sep 13, 2002 - The Force Public Relations Officer (FPRO), Mr. Haz Iwendi, was moved to Jigawa State Police Command as the Deputy Commissioner while another Deputy Commissioner of Police, Mr. Chris Olakpe, took over from him according to a police signal dated. Feb 15, 2010 - LAI MOHAMMED, Legal Practitioner cum Public Relations expert, is the National Publicity Secretary of Action Congress (AC), but because we know that right now the country is facing a lot of constitution challenges, the type of which have never been seen in the history of Nigeria.

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  41. public relation is the relationship between individuals and the organization.
    public organization started with henry townsend newspaper "iwe iroyin" in 1859.
    public relation started during the period of nationalist movement
    public relation in nigeria started in nigeria where ther was dominance in four major parts of the country
    the important period in the developement of mordern public relations in nigeria which were public relation in nigeria
    era of professionalism, peiod of political propaganda. nigeria institute of public relations was establihed in june 1990.
    many establishment contributed to the development of public relations in nigeria and this include the United African Company(UAC) in 1999 which became the first organization to have had a public relation department in nigeria

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  42. The whole issue of Public relations started in Nigeria during the Colonial era.
    The Nigerian nationalists used different vices to fight colonialism which included publishing of Newspapers. An example was the first newspaper to be published in Nigeria 'Iwe Iroyin' in 1959 by Rev. Henry Townsend.
    The main aim of most of these Newspapers was to criticize the activities of the Colonial masters and the Government of the day.
    When the Colonial masters noticed the plea which later became an agitation for Independence by Nigerians, they decided to counter this effort of the nationalists by opening up Public Relations offices all around the country then [North, West and East],to publicize to the people activities colonialists and how the people (Nigerians) can be of help to the project.
    The project was to publicize Nigeria to the world and vice versa.
    The first organization to commence the practice of Public relations was United African Company (UAC) in 1949.
    On June 1 1990, The Nigerian Insitute Of Public Relations kicked off.

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  43. SANI SIM PROMISE
    MATRIC NO: 09BC08925
    PROGRAM: ENGLISH

    public relation is over 150 years old. it started in Nigeria in the year 1859. it began in nigeria with the creation of public information unit by the united African company in the year 1949. it started with the first newspaper in by Henry Townsend a british missionary. there are for important period in the development of public relation which include 1. broadcasting era, public information era, propaganda era and professionalism era. it was used by the government to create mutual understanding with the people.As public relation continued in Nigeria NIPR was established in the year 1990. other organization such as BON, Hollywood e.t.c contributed to the effective running and development of public relation in Nigeria.

    SANI SIM PROMISE
    09BC08925
    ENGLISH

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  44. Adegoke Akinlabi 09BE08934

    ADEGOKE AKINLABI SAID:

    Public relations in Nigeria can be traced to the Colonial period.Specifically introduced by the missionaries to the Nigerian community and this is exemplified in the establishment of iwe irohin by rev Henry Townsend.
    The nationalists in their relationship with the colonial masters also engaged in pr activities directly or indirectly.Pr can be dated back to about 150 years in Nigeria.

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  45. public relations is simply defind as the process of initating and maintaining mutual understanding between organization and the public. ITs over 150 years old,public relations started in nigeria with the creation of public information unit by the united african company in 1949. It started with the first newspaper which was written by R.V Henry Townsend a british missionary. In 1963 the public relation association of nigeria was established.

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  46. The Nigerian institute of public relations (NIPR) was established in 1963. It was later renamed Public relations association of Nigeria The body attended the status of a charted institute in June 1990. By virtue of the law, NIPR had the power to register members, regulate the practice of public relation professional conduct trough an established code regime. Its the practice with respectable professional organisation every where.

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  47. OMOMADIA OGHENERUKOME JOHNSON
    09BE08980
    Public relations began in Nigeria during the colonial era. Public relations in Nigeria is over 150 years. It started from 1849- till date. Rev. Henry Townsend was one of the major founders of PR in 1859.his PR tool was 'Iwe Irohin'.

    In 1963 the public relation association of Nigeria was established.It was renamed Nigerian Institute of public relation in 1972.Public relations entered law in June 1990 through Decree No. 16 (now an Act of the Federal Republic of Nigeria)

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  48. Public relations is a planned and sustained effort in order to create and maintain mutual understanding between an organization and its various publics.
    Public relations in Nigeria began during the colonial era when nationalists began the struggle for freedom and self governance from the British. The nationalists criticized the British rule through newspapers that they set up. The British administrators referred to the success of public relations campaigns which were used by the British to solve issues such as this in England. This was how the first public relations office was set up. The colonialists set up PR divisions in various areas( North, East, West). The main objective of this was to establish a two-way communication between the colonialists and the public. The first company however to have a PR department was United African Company in 1949. The Nigerian Institute of Public Relations was established on June 1, 1990 through the signing into law of Decree No. 16.

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  49. public relations in Nigeria started with during the colonial period with the christian missionary service cms. public relations started in Nigeria in the year 1859 till date i.e over 150 years. it started with the establishment of iwe iroyin by henry Townsend in The first organization to commence the practice of Public relations was United African Company (UAC) in 1949.
    On June 1 1990, The Nigerian Institute Of Public Relations kicked off.

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  50. Different countries have their own history of public relations.Nigeria's own started during the colonial era when the nationalists were fighting for independence.
    The colonial rulers decided to use public relations campaigns to prevent the pressure from the nationalists. The decided to establish an Information/ Public Relation office and a public relations department in Lagos with sub- offices in the Northern, Eastern and Western provinces.
    Their aim was to create a communication between the colonialist and Nigerians.When they left, Nigeria decided to adopt Public Relations to foster peace and unity among organizations and individuals since it was good.
    United African Company(UAC), in 1949, became the 1st company in the private sector to have a PR department.
    Finally,the Nigerian Institute of PR came up on June1, 1990 through Decree No.16.

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  51. ORGU CHINONSO EMEKA 09BEO8987
    Public relation was introduced around the period of 1944,it was brought about by the British colonialists as a way of passing information about their action to the publics.Public relation was use as a tool for coming against the nationalists of then who were against the colonial ruling.
    Dr.Samuel Epelle,he was the founder of the Public Relations Association of Nigeria (PRAN).The practice of public relation started with creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949.

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  52. OLANREWAJU OLAYEMI OMOTARA
    O9BE08975
    Public Relations in Nigeria began with the intensive activities of nationalists.During the colonial era,Nigerians were under the colonial masters and wanted freedom and independence for them to govern themselves.Through the use of Newspapers, propaganda and other means by nationalists, the british goverment discovered the use of public relations campaigns organised in Nigeria would solve the issue.Though this,public relations was introduced in Nigeria.In the private sector, the first company to establish a public relations department was UAC (united africans company) this helped in the development of modern day publc realations.

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  53. The history of public relation in Nigeria started during the colonial era. Missionaries at this time introduced the concept to counter the efforts of the Nationalists who tried to criticize the activities of the Colonial masters.
    One of the major founders of Public Relations in Nigeria was Rev. Henry Townsend.
    He published the first Newspaper called Iwe Iroyin in 1859.
    As public relation continued in Nigeria NIPR was established in the year 1990. other organization such as BON, Hollywood e.t.c contributed to the effective running and development of public relation in Nigeria.

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  54. Public relations is a planned and sustained effort in order to create and maintain mutual understanding between an organization and its various publics.
    Public relations in Nigeria began during the colonial era when nationalists began the struggle for freedom and self governance from the British. The nationalists criticized the British rule through newspapers that they set up. The British administrators referred to the success of public relations campaigns which were used by the British to solve issues such as this in England.

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  55. RAPHEAL SPICE SAID
    RAPHEAL OGUNNIYI 09BE08970
    public relation in nigeria started in nigeria where ther was dominance in four major parts of the country
    the important period in the developement of mordern public relations in nigeria which were publrelation in nigeria
    era of professionalism, peiod of political propaganda. nigeria institute of public relations was establihed in june 1990.
    many establishment contributed to the development of public relations in nigeria and this include the United African Company(UAC) in 1999 which became the first organization to have had a public relation department in nigeria RAPHEAL OGUNNIYI 09BE08970

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  56. AJAYI FAITH 09BE08941

    BRIEF HISTORY OF PUBLIC RELATION IN NIGERIA

    Public relations in Nigeria started during the colonial era when the British people wanted to defend themselves from what the nationalist said against them.They did this by getting public relations officers from the public relations offices in Britain.

    Public relations practices in Nigeria started with the advent of Iwe Iroyin, the first newspaper in Nigeria, by late Henry Townsend in 1859.

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  57. Public relation is up to 150 years in nigeria. It started with the 1st newspaper called Iwe iroyin by reverend Henry Townsemd in 1859.
    It was named NIPR (Nigerian insitute of public relations).Public Relation in Nigeria can be traced to the 2nd world war when the colonial government established the first information office in Lagos in 1940.In 1972 it was later changed to Public relation association of nigeria.

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  58. public relations in Nigeria like some of my colleagues have stated above started during the period of the Colonial war (early 1850's). But that was when it was first recognized as such. It first started when the colonialists had issues with the nationalists in the country. The colonialists then decided to use punlic relations to make peace with the nationalists since it worked with them in their country and Africa wss not as civilized as them then. They established a public relations department in Lagos which was meant to inform the public about the "good" intentions of the government at that time.

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  59. AJAYI FAITH 09BE08941

    Public relations in Nigeria started during the colonial era when the British colonists wanted to defend themselves from the things the nationalists said against them through newspaper. They did this by using public relations campaigns such as were used for problems in England.
    The advent of the first newspaper, Iwe Iroyin, by late Henry Townsend in 1859, started public relations in Nigeria.

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  60. Public relations in Nigeria started during the colonial era. With the intensive activities of nationalists for freedom and self governance from British rule, attack from all sides by the formidable newspapers established by the nationalists, the British administrator recalled the effective use of Public Relations campaings organised in their own country to solve such major issues. Public relations office was then established. Their aim was to foster a two way communication hetween the colonialists and Nigerians. The colonialists set up a Public relations office in Lagos, with units in the northern, eastern and western provinces. UAC was the first company to have a Public Relations unit in 1949. It was -part of what contributed to the growth of modern Public Relation practise in Nigeria. in 1963, the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations was established and this was used to regulate Public relations practises as well as agencies in Nigeria.

    KOFOWOROLA FASHANU 09BE08957

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  61. During the colonial era with the intensive activities of freedom and self governance from the british rule. Attacked from all sides by the formidable newspapers established by the nationalists, the british administrators recalled the effective use of public relations campaign organized in their own country to solve major issues. Based on this, its aim was to foster a communication between the communists and the subjects. It was also to tell the people the activities of the then government. When the colonialists left, the message of what public relations can do at war and peace was clear.
    One of the organizations that contributed to the growth of modern public relations was UAC

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  63. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  64. Olowu Oyinkansola, 09BE08977.
    The history of public relations in Nigeria dates back to when Nigeria was still a colony of Britain.The British colonialists established Public Relations as a result of the information and the impression the nationalists were giving the people about them.The aim of setting up Public Relations in Nigeria was to give people information abut what the colonialists were doing,tell people what to do and publicise Nigeria. Lagos was where the public relations office was situated as at that time and branches were also in the three regions of Nigeria(eastern, western and northern) too. The N.I.P.R(Nigerian Institute of Public Relations) formerly known as Public Relations Association of Nigeria was then established in 1963 to regulate the activities of public relations in Nigeria.U.A.C (United African Company) was the first company to engage in the practise of public relations in Nigeria in the year 1949.

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  65. subi joy chioma 09BE08996
    public relation is a planned activity aimed at success and establishment of mutual understanding between the organization and it's general public.public relation started with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by rev.henry townsend. public relation practice began in nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the united african company in 1949

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  66. AKANYI MARVIN TERWASE 09BE08942.
    public relations in nigeria is believed to have actually started in 1859 by henry townsend through his newspaper ''iwe iroyin''.
    the british set up public relations department all over nigeria in the colonial era with the aim of telling the people what the government was doing and what was expected of them. newspaper were mostly the channel of communication between the people and the british government.
    in 1963 nigerian institute of public relations was established but was later changed to the public relations association of nigeria in 1972.
    the privatised companies were also going into public relation, the first company to have a public relations department in nigeria was UAC in 1949.

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  67. OKWUCHI DOMINICA OPARA
    09BE08985
    MASS COMMUNICATION
    Public relations started in 1859 with rev. henry townsend who published the first newspaper, iwe irohin.it also began with the creation of a public information unit by the united African company in 1949. some events that happened over this time period includes:- Nov 18,1995-LAGOS, Nigeria-Condemned by world leaders for the execution of nine human- rights activists, Gen. Sani Abacha responded by launching a public relations campaign to prove himself of a different personality than the one that was portrayed about him. Sep 13, 2002 - The Force Public Relations Officer (FPRO), Mr. Haz Iwendi, was moved to Jigawa State Police Command as the Deputy Commissioner while another Deputy Commissioner of Police, Mr. Chris Olakpe, took over from him according to a police signal dated. Feb 15, 2010 - LAI MOHAMMED, Legal Practitioner cum Public Relations expert, is the National Publicity Secretary of Action Congress (AC).

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  68. Delano olayide (09BE08952)
    Public relations in Nigeria started in 1859. The first newspaper was established in 1859 by a british missionary; Rev. Henry Townsend and this was a vehicle used to convey the spirit of nationalism in Nigerian elites. The newspaper was used to attack the British government and paved way for the nationalists to fight for the independence of Nigeria from the british rule. A british multinational company,united African company(UAC)was established in 1949. UAC created a public information unit which made history as the first company to have a PR department and the PR department was made to promote business activities going on in the country and to make a good product name for the company as an indusrial, technical and commercial company. Other associations were formed such as the Nigerian institute of public relations which was a great contribution to the modern PR in Nigeria. In conclusion public relations in Nigeria is 152 years old tracing it from 1859-2010.

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  69. Public relations is a planned activity aimed at achieving organization and succession between an organization and its public.The coming of public relations in the Nigerian system came to be during the colonial era,this was done by the British due to the nationalist activities that were taking place at that period in time.
    by the end of the colonial era the first PR institution was established in the year 1963 where it was known as The PR Association of Nigeria but was late renamed in the year 1972 Nigerian Institution Of Public Relations (NIPR).By the virtue of the decree no 16 of`1990 NIPR was given the power to register members, regulate the practice and monitor professionals conducts.

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  70. Public Relations started as far back as 1859. Public Relations practices began with the establishment of a public information unit by the united Africa Company(U.A.C)-a British multinational in 1949. Modern Public Relation practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper by the late Henry Townsend(a British missionary). Public Relation was used in Nigeria during colonialism. Sir Stephen Tallents who was a British government worker between (1926-1931). The British wanted him to counter the Nationalists, so they set up a Public Relation Department in different places in Nigeria in order to present the Government good deeds to the people of Nigeria, to counter bad rumours about the government. Since then Public relation in Nigeria has thereby developed. In 1963 Nigeria institute of public relation was established,they regulate and register public relations Practitioner.

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  73. I OGUNDOLAPO OLAWUNMI WITH MATRICULATION NUMBER 09BE08969 HAVE RESEARCHED AND FOUND OUT THAT; The study of public relations practice in Nigeria started over a hundred and fifty yearsbetween 1959and 2008.With the creation of a public information unit by theunited African company then a british multinational company in 1949.The study presents evidence indicating that public relations practise actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in Nigeria in 1959 by the late Henry Townsend a British missionary.And since then it has become a thing of necessity for every organisational setting that wants to establish a good and favourable mutual understaanding between it and its publics both internal and external to have a public relations department with a capable public relations officer.

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  74. AJAYI INIOLUWA. ENGLISH LANGUAGE. 09BC08895
    Public Relations in Nigeria started with the advent of the Christian Missionary Society (CMS) in 1859 with the publication of the first newspaper in Nigeria "Iwe Irohin", a news journal that performed PR function by giving up to date information about missionary activities, socio-economic and political activities affecting Anglican parishioners, Abeokuta citizens and Europeans, colonial administration and foreign events. Iwe Irohin also advertised trade products, goods and services, made public announcements and provided business news and trade information to the readers and coastal traders ranging from economic matters on trade to prices, rates and value of produce. The newspaper presented opinions, debatesand discussions on local and international matters, enlightening and educating the public through information dissemination which is a major role of Public Relations. In the 1932, "PR Broadcasting" emerged in Nigeria. The British Government employed the Radio Distribution Services in England to relay specific British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) programs to Nigerians through the Radio Rediffusion Sysytem (RDS) so as to counter boiling European sentiments, redeem their own battered image as an imperialist government and promote their own interests, counter-acting propaganda campaign in neighboring West-African countries and shutting the mouths of the educated elites that clamored for Nigeria's independence from the British. This transformed into the hallmark of political propaganda for the British imperialist government and they gained sympathy of the Nigerians and changed their attitudes through the new broadcasting technology. After the Second World War, in 1939, European powers attempted to influence and alter the opinions of Africans, urging Nigerians to support the Germans. The British countered this swiftly through the establishment of the first Information Centre in Lagos and other cities in Nigeria to handle information between the troops and their families back home through leaflets and pamphlets that displayed social, economic and political tribulations likely to befall Nigerians if the Germans won the war. In addition, other tools of propaganda were employed to gain local support for the British colonialist government.e.g: newsreels, newspaper advertisements and postcards of the successful exploits of the British and the allied troops, radio broadcasts by BBC and films and cinemas such as "The Guns of the Desert", mobilizing support for the war. Time and limited space would not let me go on but i will end with this: Public Relations in Nigeria went on to be a means of public information through its involvement with the public and private sectors with the aim of changing the attitude of the Nigerian public towards a particular subject.

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  76. PATRICIA MATRIC NO:09BE08948
    Public relation started or came about in 1949 through the united african company, a company that created a public information unit.This unit was meant for passing available sources to the public about government action and policies for the benefit of those interested and as well promote and provide cultural value.Before this period Pr had existed-around 1944- the british colonial emperor then use this mean to promote and pass across information to its colony and it was use as a tool to come against those involve in nationalist struggle. Dr.Samuel Epelle is one of notable person that started p.r.and founder of Public Relation Association of Nigeria (PRAN).
    Townsend newspaper of 1859 gave a vivid intend of public relation.During this evolution of public relation, four major era were in place. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.Since then public relation is now seen as a way of life and has been useful to a lot of people.

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  77. Ekwueme Marylin
    09BE08954
    Mass communication
    Public relations started in Nigeria at about 1940 during the 2nd world war. Then it was then practiced as part of good management skills while some people understood it as propaganda. Public relations started in Nigeria by the colonial masters who established it in the ministry of information which with the main aim of disseminating information on the war as well as other information .By 1963, through the help of other practitioners, Sam Epelle formed the Public relations Association of Nigeria (PRAN) but it was later developed into Nigeria institute development of Public relations in Nigeria started with the establishment of institutional structures by various colonial government in the past to carry out related public information functions on their behalf.

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  78. P.R in Nigeria started during the colonial era with intensive activities of the nationalists for freedom and self governance.The creation of a public information unit by the United African Companu(then a british multinational)in 1949.The study present evidence indicating thje modern P.R practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 iwe iroyin by henry townsend(a british mussionary)Findings from the study also indicates the dominance of the important periods in thre development of modern public relation practices in Nigeria,these includer public relationsetc.Insights given about P.R practices especially thr recent rise of well establishment P.R consulting firms indicates that P.R has matured in Nigeria.

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  79. Olaiya Temitope Mabel
    09BE08974
    Public relations was 1st introduced during the colonial era. Public relations practice was started in Nigeria through the first newspaper "iwe ironyin" by Rev Henry Townsend of Christian Missionary service(CMS.
    In 1949, the United African Company established the first public relations company. Public relations association of Nigeria was established in 1963. The Nigerian institution of public relations was established in June 1st 1990 through the signing into the law (Decree 16). Dr Samuel Epelle was the founder of the Public relations association of Nigeria (PRAN)

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  80. famadewa folasade
    english language
    09bc08906
    Public relations (or PR) is a field concerned with maintaining public image for high-profile people, organizations, or program relations, employee relations, government affairs, industry relations, investor relations, media relations, mediation, publicity, speech-writing, and visitor relations.
    public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary). Findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.Insights given about the development of public relations practices (especially the recent rise of well established PR consulting firms) indicates that the practice of public relations in Nigeria has matured.Development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria is dated over a hundred and fifty (150) year period.

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  82. Modern public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949. The study presents evidence indicating that modern public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary). Findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.

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  83. This study dispels the notion that modern public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949. The study presents evidence indicating that modern public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary). Findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalization era.
    Insights given about the development of public relations practices (especially the recent rise of well established PR consulting firms) indicates that the practice of public relations in Nigeria has matured.
    there is a limited understanding of the developmental and historical use of public relations tools such as marketing PR, media relations, financial and consumer PR. Also there is limited information on how the use of PR developed amongst non-governmental organisations. It would therefore be educative to commission another study that will undertake a comprehensive research into this aspect of the Nigerian public relations history. This limitation provides an opportunity for future research.

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  84. ublic relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary). Findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.

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  85. Historically, Nigeria has boasted the most free and outspoken press of any African country, but also one which has consistently been the target of harassment by the past military dictatorships and now under the governance of Nigeria's current civilian president, Umaru Musa Yar'adua. Many agents of Nigeria's press have been imprisoned, exiled, tortured, or murdered as a result, among them being Ogoni activist and television producer Ken Saro-Wiwa, who was executed for treason by order of the Sani Abacha dictatorship in 1995 (resulting in the expulsion of Nigeria from the Commonwealth of Nations and sanctions from abroad).

    Even under the somewhat less-oppressive current civilian government, journalists have continued to come under fire, be it from the government (as with the June 2006 arrest of Gbenga Aruleba and Rotimi Durojaiye of African Independent Television under charges of sedition) or from other popular establishments (such as the self-imposed exile of Thisday's Isioma Daniel following the riots in Northern Nigeria over "sensitive comments" which she had made in an article regarding Muhammad and the 2002 Miss World pageant; a fatwa calling for her beheading was issued by the mullahs of northern Nigeria, but was declared null and void by the relevant religious authorities in Saudi Arabia, and the Obasanjo faced an international public relations smearing [especially within journalistic circles) in the aftermath, which was not helped by the Amina Lawal controversy which had occurred prior to the riots, which had seen over 200 dead). However, as with most other countries, blogging has increasingly become a much safer, and much easier, conduit for Nigeria's growing Internet-enabled minority to express their dissatisfactions with the current state of affairs in Nigeria.

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  86. ekne nwachukwu 09be08966
    The need for public relations personnel is growing at a fast pace. publisc relation officers work for clients such as government, educational institutions, nonprofit organizations, specific industries, corporations, athletic teams, entertainment companies, and even countries.Public relations is a broad description of the field you can work as a publicist, media specialist, analyst, and communications specialist.
    Public relation practices did not start in Nigeria through the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company in 1949, but it is started with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend a British missionary. There was the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria,which were public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.

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  87. Folafunmi Afolabi-09BE08937
    Colonialism (that began in the 19th century) led to the establishment of Public relations in Nigeria. The nationalists such as Obafemi Awolowo, Nnamdi Azikwe and others fought for independence from the British. They used newspapers to confront the colonialists. The British then decided to apply the public relations campaign methods to maintain a mutual understanding between themselves and their subjects. In order to achieve these, public relations offices were set up in Lagos. Units were set up in the Eastern, Western, and Northern provinces of the country and its aim was to communicate the intents and the deeds of the government to the Nigerian citizens, to make Nigeria known to the world at large and to expose the people to western education. After independence, the nationalists decided to continue with public relations. Public relations was eventually used to gain independence. The first company in Nigeria to have a public relations department was united African company (1949). In June 1 1990, the Nigerian institute of public relations (NIPR) was established (decree 16 of 1990).

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  88. public relations in Nigeria started from the 19th century,during the time of colonization in Africa.the British were looking for ways to get the consent of the natives of Africa to support colonial government.the first journal in Nigeria IWE IROYIN by bishop Henry Townsend in 1859,to get the feelings of the British known to the natives through their generally accepted language in the western areas.later in life,public relations was used to gain Independence through nationalist like Azikiwe,Awolowo e.t.c.

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  89. Adigun oluwatosin
    09BC08893.
    Public relations started in Nigeria during the colonial era when the citizens wanted freedom from the governance of the British rule. The nationalists used newspapers as their weapons against the colonialists who in order to redeem themselves employed the knowledge of public relations which they had from their homes. With that, a public relations office with the aim of creating a two way communication between them (the colonialists) and their subjects.
    This research gives the notion that modern public relations practices started in Nigeria with the formation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949.it was formed majorly for the dissemination of messages to the citizens.

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  90. ETTEH IMA-ABASI NSEABASI 09BE08955 MASS COMMUNICATION Contrary to the view that public relations in Nigeria began in 1949 with the establishment of a P.R. department in the the multinational company - U.A.C., public relations had started as far back as the period after the introduction of newspaper publication in 1859 ( Iwe Iroyin) when the nationalists used this new trend to campaign for self rule. The British with the aim of telling the people what the government was doing with a means of feedback, announce Nigeria to Nigerians and the world, provide the people with cultural and educational values which are all characteristics of public relations by setting up information/public relations offices in the three provinces(north, east and west)with an office in Lagos. later, public relations practices became more popular and used and due to its growth, we can then talk about events like the establishment of a P.R.department in U.A.C.After the leave of the British colonialists, through the Act of Law Decree 16 of 1990, the Nigerian Institute Of Public Relations was established.

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  91. OBADOTE ESTHER OLUWA BUNMI 09BE08967 MASS COMMUNICATION
    The history of public relations in Nigeria can be traced back to colonial era. The nationalists attacked the British administrators with the newspapers that were produced then, e.g. Iwe Iroyin by Rev. Henry Townsend in 1859. The British Administrators used public relations to calm down the crisis the aim was to promote a two way communication between the colonialists and their subjects.
    Based on this, a PR department was set up in Lagos with other units in the east and west. The aim of its creation was to tell the citizens what the government was doing and vice versa, announce Nigeria to Nigerians and the entire world, provide the people with cultural and educational values. All these gave birth to the Nigerian institute of public relations on the first of June 1990 under the Act of Law of Decree No. 16.

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  92. Ozuligbo Cynthia Uzoma 09BE08991
    Public relations is a planned activity aimed at achieving organisation and success. Public relations started in Nigeria during the colonial era when the citizen wanted freedoom from the governance of the British rule, it began with the establishment of the IWE IROHIN newspaper by Rev Henry Townsend of the Christian missionary service (CMS) in 1859. When the British noticed that Nigerians were aggitating what they were reading in the nationalist papers they then decided to make PR offices in differente parts of the country. The very first organization or company in Nigeria to make use of PR was the United African Company (UAC) in 1949.

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  93. Public relations in Nigeria was established for the purpose of maintaining peace and creating mutual understanding between an organisation and its public.Pubic relations in Nigeria began in 1859 when Reverend Henry Townsend published his newspaper called IWE IROYIN which carried religious stories and news on events and death, his main aim was to enlighten the people and to establish a good relationship between him and the public.Since the establishment of IWE IROYIN pr has continued to improve the first public information unit was established in 1949 by the United African Company (UAC).Public relations was established in Nigeria for a good purpose and has really helped in serving the publics interest, and it also helpes in using information to achieve co-operation.OLAYEMI AIYEDEHIN, 09BE08938

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  94. Mary olaoluwadunni sappor
    09BE08993
    Public relations in Nigeria began with the creation of a public information unit by the united African company in 1949.
    With vivid evidence it was actually stated that public practices began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry townsend.
    the british realised tha the nationalist were bringing about wrong information which aggitated the nigerians. so the british decided to bring about PR offices in the north, east and west.
    their role was to tell the people what the government was doing and what they were to do.
    to publicise nigeria all over the world and also to teach nigeria. and also to provide cultural value.

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  95. Public Relations in Nigeria began with the creation of a public information unity, by the United African Company(then a british multinational). The practice began before independence and was used as a tool for colonial propaganda, and was introduced by the establishment of the 1st newspaper in 1859 by Henry Townsend, a british missionary.
    There were four dominant era's in the history of Public Relations namely:
    The Public broadcasting era, The political Propaganda era, The public information era and the Professionalism era.
    Thus are going through this four era's and notifying the benefits and disadvantages, the practice of public relations was fully established in Nigeria and the practice is still growing.
    SMITH ABISOLA ANUOLUWAPO
    MATRIC NO- 09BE08994
    MASSCOMMUNICATION

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  96. Ekunode Abayomi John
    09BC08903
    Public relations began in the 19th century due to colonisation.It is concerned with maintaining the public status of organisation, high profile people to achieve success.In 1859,a newspaper was established called IWE IROYIN by Henry Townsend which was filled with religious stories.

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  97. As many other things in Africa public relations was brought to by the whites.
    The history of public relations in Nigeria started with the newspaper of Henry Townsend which came into fruition in 1859, it was called "iwe irohin". This paper criticized the colonialists.
    As time went on the colonialists made a bid to counter the actions of nationalists. They colonialists set up a Public relations office in Lagos, with units in the northern, eastern and western provinces. In 1949 UAC established public relation unit. This solidified the birth of public relations in Nigeria and its growth.
    In 1963, the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations was established it was used to regulate Public relations practices in Nigeria.
    Also on June 1, 1990 , the Nigerian Institute of Public Relations was established this was made poosible by the signing of law of Decree No. 16.

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  98. OLOWOFELA ANUOLUWAPO DORCAS
    MATRIC NO-0908766
    ANU said
    The history of public relations in Nigeria can be traced down to the colonial era during the rigorous activities of the nationalist for freedom and self governance from the British rule. The colonialist set up a public relationsdepartment in the nothern, eastern and western provinces. After the tenure of the colonialist, the message of public relations was clear and was put to tremendous use in consolidating the socio-economic and political gains of independence. This era led to the decree no. 16 of June 1, 1990 which birthed the Nigerian Institute of public relations. Public relations became very effective after this.

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  99. Public Relations started in Nigeria during the colonial era with the intensive activities of nationalists for freedom and self governance from the British rule. Attacked from all sides by the formidable newspapers established by the Nationalists, the British administrators recalled the effective use of public relations campaigns organized in their home country to solve such major issues. Based on this, an Information/Public Relations Office was established. Newspapers like the iwe Iroyin and the likes also where seen with adverts and all of that which are all strategies in Public relations so the history can be traced mainly to the colonialist.

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  100. OBICHUKWU GODSON UCHE 09BCO8914

    THE history of modern public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949. modern public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary) there were also the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.

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  101. AJAYI OYINDAMOLA ABIOLA 09BE08940

    public relation started in Nigeria basically in 1859 and this only came to be with the establishment of an indigenous newspaper called Iwe iroyin by reverend Henry Townsend in 1859 during the colonial era. since then public relation has continued to thrive on.they started the creation of public information unit by the United African Nation in 1949. this was the first private organization to use a pulic relation in nigeria and since then pr has continued to thrive on in Nigeria

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  102. Public relations in Nigeria can be traced to the Colonial period.Specifically introduced by the missionaries to the Nigerian community and this is exemplified in the establishment of iwe irohin by rev Henry Townsend.

    The nationalists in their relationship with the colonial masters also engaged in pr activities directly or indirectly.After the tenure of the colonialist, the message of public relations was clear and was put to tremendous use in consolidating the socio-economic and political gains of independence, and then for political gains n mass manipulation. Pr can be dated back to about 150 years in Nigeria.

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  103. OLOWOFELA ANUOLUWAPO DORCAS
    MATRIC NUMBER: 09BE08976

    The history of public relations in Nigeria can be traced down to the colonial era during the rigorous activities of the nationalist for freedom and self governance from the British rule. The colonialist set up a public relations department in the northern, eastern and western provinces. After the tenure of the colonialist, the message of public relations was clear and was put to tremendous use in consolidating the socio-economic and political gains of independence. This era led to the decree no. 16 of June 1, 1990 which birthed the Nigerian Institute of public relations. Public relations became very effective after this.

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  104. 09BC08903
    Public Relations started in Nigeria during the colonial era with the intensive activities of nationalists for freedom and self governance from the British rule. Attacked from all sides by the formidable newspapers established by the Nationalists, the British administrators recalled the effective use of public relations campaigns organized in their home country to solve such major issues. Based on this, an Information/Public Relations Office was established.8903

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  105. MATRIC NO 09BC08916.The abolition of the Atlantic Slave Trade in the British Isles in 1807, and slavery itself in 1833, led to the establishment of Sierra Leone for the settlement of freed slaves. These were not just slaves that were liberated in Europe and the Americas, but also those rescued on the high seas by the [End Page 295] British naval anti-slave trade squadron. The organization of the colonies was not altogether satisfactory to many of the liberated slaves. There were frequent Temne attacks, and few marriageable women and inadequate land for cultivation.3 From the 1840s many of the Yoruba settlers began demanding that they be allowed to return to their original homes. Other factors may be advanced to account for this. First, there was a feeling of patriotism and concern at the news they heard about the ongoing wars in their homeland, which produced a wish to be reunited with their kin. Also, some of them had become successful businessmen, owning ships and trading vessels with which they traded on the west African coast and in the interior. Success was an added motivation. On the other hand, those who were less successful sought their fortunes outside the limits they experienced in the colonies. Many of these were new converts and had a messianic motivation to spread their newly-acquired values of Christianity and civilization.

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  106. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  107. public relations in nigeria started during the rule of the colonial masters in 1859,the begining was the creation of a newpaper by henry townsend.the people fought for their rights.the british were attacked by the newspaper created by nationalists.then they decided to use wath was used in their home town.then a public relations office was established,so it all started in the colonial era
    motunrayo adeyeye:09bc08892

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  108. NAME ;OGUNLEYE ABIDEMI
    MATRIC NO;09BC08915
    Public relation came into existence in nigeria in 1859 it came with the establishment of a newspaper called iwe iroyin by rev.henry townsend in 1859 during the colonial era .since then public as keep on improving in nigeria

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  109. Public Relations in Nigeria started during the colonization of Nigeria by the British. It actually started during Nationalism to be precise. The Nationalists were steering the hearts and minds of the people away from the Colonial masters with what they published in the papers and the British tried to curb this by setting up departments in the North, West and East.

    Osunsanya Yemisi 09BC08922

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  110. The newspaper presented opinions, debatesand discussions on local and international matters, enlightening and educating the public through information dissemination which is a major role of Public Relations. In the 1932, "PR Broadcasting" emerged in Nigeria. The British Government employed the Radio Distribution Services in England to relay specific British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) programs to Nigerians through the Radio Rediffusion Sysytem (RDS) so as to counter boiling European sentiments, redeem their own battered image as an imperialist government and promote their own interests, counter-acting propaganda campaign in neighboring West-African countries and shutting the mouths of the educated elites that clamored for Nigeria's independence from the British.

    Oyobolo Benedicta 09BC08923

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  111. AJAYEOBA MAYOKUN wih the matric number 09BE08939
    History of public relations in Nigeria
    public relations practices in Nigeria is over a hundred and fifty (150) year period, 1859 to 2010.
    Findings has revealed that public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary).

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  112. This paper traces the history and development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria over a hundred and fifty (150) year period, 1859 to 2008.This study dispels the notion that modern public relations practices began in Nigeria with the creation of a public information unit by the United African Company (then a British multinational) in 1949. The study presents evidence indicating that modern public relations practices actually began with the establishment of the first newspaper in 1859 by the late Henry Townsend (a British missionary). Findings from the study also indicate the dominance of four important periods in the development of modern public relations practices in Nigeria. These include public relations broadcasting era, political propaganda era, public information era and the professionalisation era.
    the public relations practice in Nigeria, which started before the country’s independence.public relations practice commenced in the country in the early 1940s as a result of World War II. The country, which was then under the British colony, participated in the execution of the war. Knowing the importance of information to Nigerians on happenings in the war front, the government created a Special Information Centre for that purpose. With this, there was better understanding between the colonialists and the colonised Nigerians, especially, when the citizenry realised the necessity of their independence. In the private sector, the first company to establish a public relations department was the United African Company, popularly known as UAC. The unit was known in 1949 as Information Department. The Nigerian Railways Corporation, a government parastatal, also established its own unit in 1956 where Dr. Sam Opelle served as the first public relations officer. The Shell Petroleum Development Company, then BP, created its own outfit in 1969

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  113. ADO-IMOISILI OLUWATOSIN 09BE08936
    Public Relation is very old,it is not an invention. Mankind has always tried to communicate and make himself understood thereby involving himself consciously or sub consciously in PR activities.
    PR activities in Nigeria during the times of colonization.The British colonized Nigeria and in a bid to make themselves understood and create mutual understanding between both parties, they appointed officers or people who understood the Britons and the Nigerians very well enough to help create a strong mutual understanding between them.

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  114. BAMIDELE IFEOLUWA TOSIN
    09BC08900
    public relations in Nigeria started during the colonial era when the citizens wanted feedom from the British rule.It began with the ceation of a public information unit by the United Africa company.The founding contributo to the advancement of publicrelations in Nigeria wasDr samuel Epella. He founded public relations in Nigeria.It was established inJune 12th, 1990. four important periods in the development of modern practices in Nigeia are public elation broadcasting era, political propaganda era, professionalism era and public infomation era.

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  115. IRIOJE ASUMEGBERE LYDIA 09BE08961

    The history of public relations in Nigeria can be traced down to the colonial era during the rigorous activities of the nationalist for freedom and self governance from the British rule. The colonialist set up a public relations department in the northern, eastern and western provinces.
    The aim of its creation was to tell the citizens what the government was doing and vice versa, announce Nigeria to Nigerians and the entire world, provide the people with cultural and educational values.
    After the tenure of the colonialist, the message of public relations was clear and was put to tremendous use in consolidating the socio-economic and political gains of independence. This era led to the decree no. 16 of June 1, 1990 which birthed the Nigerian Institute of public relations. Public relations became very effective after this.

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  116. for Australian companies, the importance of public relations is equally important as having their own Australian business toll free numbers.

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